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The 8-4-4 system was launched in January 1985 and emphasized vocational subjects. It was assumed that this new structure would enable school dropouts at all levels to be either self-employed or to get employment in the non-formal sector. Adult literacy rate is 74%.

The assesment at the end of primaru school is based on chosen subject areas. The ‘highest scores first’ selection criteria for students entering secondary school and university is used to determine entrance into certain schools.

In January 2003, the government of Tanzania announced the introduction of ree prmiary education. As a result, primary school enrolment increased by about 70%. However, secondary and tertiary education enrolment has not increased proportionally due to the fact that payment is still require for attendance. Attendance is approximately 92% for primary grades.

First eight years of primary school are provided tuition-free by the government. In January 2008, the government began offering a programme of free secondary education, subject to some restrictions.
Barriers to Accessing Secondary Education

    Emergencies caused by drought have curbed school attendance for both girls and boys.
    Child labour due to high levels of poverty, particularly in rural areas, keeps boys and girls out of school.
    Religious and cultural traditions generally favour boys and as such girls are not educated or are expected to continue on with household chores, taking care of siblings etc.
    Nomadic tribes have very low school enrolment rates, especially for girls.
    Distance of secondary schools from the family home.
    Parents level of education.
    Costs associated with secondary schools such as tuition fees, materials, uniforms and extracurricular activities.

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